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What is the difference between an Olympic Barbell and a Standard Barbell?

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 Okay, so you’re probably thinking “is there really a huge difference between barbells?” Well, as surprised as you may be, there are some things that are unique for both types of bars. It’s important to ensure you are purchasing and using the right barbell. If you are ever confused, visit one of our 8 locations so our Fitness Town Experts can assist you. Throughout this post I will highlight the major differences between an Olympic bar and a standard bar, their functions and overall designs.

First, if you’re a bit unsure of what I’m talking about, let me take a step backwards. So, what is a barbell? Barbells are long, straight, metal bars that you use as resistance for strength-training exercises. With a barbell, you can do exercises including squats, dead-lifts, presses, rows and curls.

 

Barbells Function

When it comes down to it, Olympic barbells are longer and heavier than regular, powerlifting barbells. Most gyms and commercial fitness centers have Olympic barbells because they hold more weight and are more durable than a regular barbell. In comparison to the Olympic barbells, standard barbells are shorter and lighter. Standard barbells take up less space and are easier to manage. However, many people prefer the Olympic bars to their standard counterparts based on quality, function and numerous other reasons.

 

Let’s Get Technical - Olympic Barbells

You may not immediately see the differences between a standard barbell and an Olympic barbell. At Fitness Town, we have several barbells to meet your fitness needs and goals. Olympic barbells are 7 feet long and will weigh 45lbs. Typically the bars thickness or diameter can fluctuate depending on the manufacturer or style. For example, the Fitness Town Olympic Bearing Bar has a diameter of 28mm where a similar product, the Fitness Town Olympic Bar, has a diameter of 32mm. The difference in diameter will affect the bar’s maximum weight capabilities. The amount of weight an Olympic barbell can hold varies, but most of our bars at Fitness Town have between a 600lbs and 1,500lbs load capacity.
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Another big feature that Olympic bars have going for them is their bearings. You need a dependable sleeve rotation from your bearings/bushings with a modest amount of bar whip for most exercises. Unfortunately, your standard power-lifting bars do not offer this feature. Barbell’s ability to whip (store elastic energy) can be very useful to an athlete. Most Olympic barbells have center knurling which can distinguish it from other bars. For the CrossFit athlete, this can be a painful sometimes – literally! When lifting the bar, it can definitely irritate your neck area. IWF certified Olympic bars have the center knurl, however, companies are starting to leave the center knurling off on some non-competition Olympic bars. Many people find that serves no purpose and since it can be uncomfortable it makes sense to be accommodating.

 

Let’s Get Technical - Standard Weightlifting Barbells

Standard barbells are 5 to 6 feet long and weigh between 15 to 25 lbs. Most regular barbells have a load capacity of 100 to 200 lbs. Again, the diameter can fluctuate which will determine the weight capacity it can handle. Power lifting barbells do not have any bearings or bushes. These bars, along with some Olympic barbells have the center knurling primarily for the back squat. The reasoning for having the center knurling is so that it prevents the bar from sliding down the back during heavy lifts.

 

Let’s Get Technical - Women and Junior Barbells

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Some manufacturers have also created dedicated barbells for women and youth. The reasoning for this is because when it comes to fitness, we are all a little different. These bars are dedicated to the needs of those who may be looking for something smaller or lighter. For example, Rogue Fitness’s 15kg Women’s Bar is a multi-purpose weightlifting bar with nocompromises. It weighs 15 kg, has a 25 mm thickness and doesn't have any center knurling. Most feature high quality brass bushings/bearings for reliable spin. Aside from women’s bars, Rogue also has one specifically for juniors called the 15lb Aluminum Training Bar. This bar is great for training techniques on Olympic lifting.

 

The Main Differences

So what main differences can you expect when comparing barbell 6both the Olympic and standard bars? One of the biggest differences is the sleeves. The sleeves are the ends of the bar that hold the weight plates. Olympic barbells have 2-inch, rotating sleeves; regular barbells have 1-inch, non-rotating sleeves. Another reason why many people prefer an Olympic bar to its standard counterpart is the rotation. The rotation on the sleeves reduces the amount of torque created by the plates, which provides a more secure grip and reduces stress on your wrists and elbows.


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Additionally, since the diameter is different between the two bars, you cannot use regular weight plates on an Olympic barbell (1 inch holed plates), but you can use an Olympic sleeve adapter to put Olympic plates on a regular barbell. Because they are heavier, Olympic barbells are less likely to tip over if you load the weight unevenly by accident. Due to its increased weight, it may not be suitable for all users. Many people would prefer a lighter bar that is suited towards their workout ability. Much like the Rogue bars I mentioned above that are designed both for men, women and juniors.

Olympic Barbells come with bearings or bushings to allow for rotation and whip. Both the standard and Olympic bars may have center knurling, however, many manufactures are beginning to accommodate for users who prefer not having this feature. If you still have questions about which bar may be best suited for you, please visit one of our 8 locations or call your nearest Fitness Town store.

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